Tuesday, 4 January 2011


A dash is a mark of separation stronger than a comma, less formal than a colon, and more relaxed than parentheses — William Strunk Jr. and E. B. White: The Elements of Style.  It indicates a break in the thought or structure of a sentence.

There are different conventions for spacing the dash. Leaving white space at both ends is more common — it is thought to be easier on the eye. The other style uses no white spaces at all, but writes the dash solid next to whatever goes before and follows it. Both conventions are in use:

Both parties want to reach an agreement — or so they say.
Both parties want to reach an agreement—or so they say.

How matters less than when — someone, if I’m lucky, will tell me how they want it done ;)

Dashes can be used:

·         Ironically — to show a change in the construction or sentiment:
An honest politician — if such a person exists — would never agree to this plan.

·         Counter-intuitively — to indicate a conclusion without expressing it:
Everyone said he was a good man but —
Goliath laughed, “They are desperate. That boy couldn’t reach higher than my kn—"

·         Unexpectedly — to indicate what is not expected or an unexpected outcome:
She took a shoe box from the bottom of the pile and, lifting the lid, pulled out — an old album and a crisp bundle of yellowing letters.

·         Explanatorily — instead of phrases such as: namely, that is etc:
She excelled in procrastination — blogging, tweeting and file reorganisation.

I do not leave the white space when I cut off mid-word.

I love dashes — I find them addictive — but they are a punctuation minefield. 


  1. I love them too. In my first MS I kept switching from spaces to no spaces. Finally left out the spaces and if I'm lucky enough to have an editor someday they can tell me how they want it. :)

  2. Hi Karen
    That is what I did ;) Truly, I'd be happy to oblige the editor by squeezing that punctuation mark tight :)

  3. i use them way too much. thanks for posting this.

  4. Love dashes... and ellipses! But one does have to be careful not to overuse. Have a great day!

  5. Hi Michelle
    Dashes are just so more-ish ;)

    Hi Danette
    Don't you find if you use one they spread down the page? Dashes spread likes rashes. ;)

  6. I try to use them sparingly - athough I'm not always successfull!

  7. I never used dashes, until my friend got me addicted, now I have to reign it in.

  8. I love dashes, too. And exclamation marks. AND REALLY BIT LETTERS. And I don't care if I overuse them. At least in the blogosphere. I'm of the opinion that there, anything goes. But in my writing, and my reading, I detest the chopping sensation that I sometimes experience.

  9. Hi Marcy
    I use them sparingly too - if not they tend to turn up everywhere ;)

    Hi Patti
    There are so many places you can use them - they turn up and colonise the pages ;)

    Hi Judith
    I'm less addicted to REALLY BIG LETTERS but exclamations are slippery little punctuation marks! ;)

  10. Hi Elaine, first time visitor. Good thing I have a great editor. There is so much to learn abd I just can't do it all myself. Hey, I'm follower 200! Not sure if there is any significance but I do like those large round numbers.

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